Tag Archive: institute

“The God Particle”
CERN may have found exotic Higgs ‘impostor’ particle

CERN announced the discovery of a new particle last week, it was very, very careful to not explicitly call that particle the Higgs boson, instead citing “strong evidence”.

The God Particle is only a marketing term may have contributed to increased media interest, many scientists dislike it, since it overstates the particle’s importance, not least since its discovery would still leave unanswered questions about the unification of Quantum chromodynamics, the electroweak interaction and gravity, as well as the ultimate origin of the universe.



Image Source: thehindu.com

The HIGGS BOSON is a massive scalar elementary particle predicted to exist by the Standard Model in particle physics. At present there are no other known fundamental scalar particles in nature.

The Higgs boson is the only Standard Model particle that has not been observed. Experimental detection of the Higgs boson would help explain the origin of mass in the universe.

The Higgs boson would explain the difference between the massless photon, which mediates electromagnetism, and the massive W and Z bosons, which mediate the weak force. If the Higgs boson exists, it is an integral and pervasive component of the material world.



The Standard Model of particle physics is a theory of three of the four known fundamental interactions and the elementary particles that take part in these interactions. These particles make up all visible matter in the universe.

Every high energy physics experiment carried out since the mid-20th century has eventually yielded findings consistent with the Standard Model.

Still, the Standard Model falls short of being a complete theory of fundamental interactions because it does not include gravitation, dark matter, or dark energy. It is not quite a complete description of leptons either, because it does not describe nonzero neutrino masses, although simple natural extensions do.

• http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Standard_Model


Image Source: news.softpedia.com


The HIGGS BOSON is a massive scalar elementary particle predicted to exist by the Standard Model in particle physics. At present there are no other known fundamental scalar particles in nature.
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Peak Water Limits for the World?

The term Peak Water has been put forward as a concept to help understand growing constraints on the availability, quality, and use of freshwater resources. The clearest definitions of the term were laid out in a 2010 peer-reviewed article in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences by Peter Gleick and Meena Palaniappan.


Water is more vital for human life than oil – and environmentalists, corporations, communities and governments increasingly recognize its unequal distribution around the globe could lead to severe environmental degradation and intense conflicts in the years ahead. Anyone who cares about water should observe the management of oil during the past century and not repeat the mistakes, argues Rohini Nilekani. Less than 3 percent of the world’s water is potable – and climate change is already rapidly diminishing the vast stores of freshwater stored in glaciers and polar ice. Nilekani, who founded and chairs a non-governmental organization focused on creating a safe and sustainable global water supply, suggests that individual awareness combined with some global leadership must focus on sustaining life on the planet rather than modern lifestyles – and could reduce waste, overpopulation and unsustainable practices. Otherwise, warns Nilekani, the conflicts over water will make the oil crisis “seem like the trailer of some horrible disaster movie.” With water already in short supply for more than 20 percent of the world’s people, no person can afford to take freshwater for granted. – YaleGlobal

California is quickly reaching the point where each unit of water used to raise crops costs more in ecological damage than it provides benefits of crops, said Peter Gleick, president of the Pacific Institute, during the Stanford Graduate School of Business annual environmental lecture.

Politicians and engineers have grappled for years with solutions to California’s water shortages. It’s unlikely more dams or huge infrastructure projects will be built, so what’s the alternative?

Gleick called for looking to other kinds of water supply, such as treated wastewater, desalination, or rainwater harvesting. Maintaining the infrastructure we already have is important, as well as growing crops that take less water. And he called for proper pricing mechanisms and markets to limit cheap water.

Gleick spoke at the 2010 Conradin von Gugelberg Memorial Lecture on the Environment.

Pacific Institute by reading our 20th Anniversary Report Report.


Graphic Source: Wired.com

Lessig Proposes an Article V Convention
to Reform a Corrupted Congress Since Only

196 Americans Constitute 80% of the Political Spending

“At a cost of about $6 billion per election…given that the Cato Institute estimates the federal government spends more than $90 billion a year on payback to donors — “subsidies and regulatory protections that lawmakers confer on certain businesses and industries” — it’s a bargain at 10 times the price” (Source: chicagotribune.com).

Lawrence Lessig: Republic, Lost:
How Money Corrupts Congress—and a Plan to Stop It

Lawrence Lessig is the Director of the Edmond J. Safra Foundation Center for Ethics

at Harvard University, and a Professor of Law at Harvard Law School.


Lessig Lecture on Google
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What do we invest in? Faber: Markets Extremely Over Sold!

“Aug. 5 (Bloomberg) — Marc Faber, publisher of the Gloom, Boom & Doom report, talks about global financial markets. Faber also discusses Federal Reserve monetary policy. He speaks from Zurich with Susan Li and John Dawson on Bloomberg Television’s “On the Move Asia.” (Source: Bloomberg)”

The federal government’s debt may soon be downgraded by major credit rating agencies. What would that mean?

About Downsizing the Federal Government

The federal government is running massive budget deficits, spending too much, and heading toward a financial crisis. Without a change of direction in Washington, average working families will be faced with huge tax increases and a lower standard of living.

This website is designed to help policymakers and the public understand where federal funds are being spent and how to reform each government department. It describes the failings of federal agencies and identifies specific programs to cut. It also discusses the systematic reasons why government programs are often obsolete, mismanaged, or otherwise dysfunctional.

Some people have lofty visions about how government spending can help society. But the essays on this website put aside such “bedtime stories” about how government programs are supposed to work, and instead focuses on how they actually work in the real world.

Downsizing the Federal Government is a project of the Cato Institute. Scholars at Cato believe that cutting the federal budget would enhance personal freedom, increase growth and prosperity, and leave a positive fiscal legacy to the next generation.

Source>>> Cato Institute